Prosodic Facilitation treatment methods use intonation patterns (melody, rhythm, stress) to improve functional speech production. Using this approach, the speech-language pathologist guides the child through a gradual progression of steps that increase the length of utterance, decrease dependence on the therapist, and decrease reliance on intonation.
Tapping Cues/Pacing Boards which provide children with a visual, tactile and motor cuing system that helps them increase the clarity of their utterances. Tapping cues/pacing boards provide input for reducing rate of speech, sequencing sounds/syllables in multisyllabic words, and sequencing words in sentences. Tapping cues/pacing boards increase the child’s independence as they practice speech praxis exercises.
Integrated Phonological Awareness Intervention (IPA) is designed to simultaneously facilitate speech production, phonological awareness, and letter-sound knowledge in preschool and young school-age children. Specific approaches may include teaching nursery rhymes, focusing on sound properties of spoken language, and engaging in letter game activities.
Integral Stimulation is a method for practicing movement gestures for speech production that involves imitation and emphasizes multiple sensory models (auditory, visual, tactile). Movement gestures are shaped, beginning with direct imitation, moving to simultaneous production with tactile or gestural cues if direct imitation was unsuccessful, and then fading the simultaneous cue and again moving to direct imitation. The key element of this approach is that the speech-language pathologist is constantly adding or fading auditory, visual, and tactile cues as needed after each trial.